Native app vs Web app: What Developers Need To Know
Business leaders have important decisions to take more often than others. One of them is about their mobile strategy. The number of web page views from smartphones is increasing rapidly at 48%. It’s clear, mobile is taking over the internet.
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Mobile apps have become an essential tool in every business’s kit. Thus, the need for them to deliver a great mobile experience is obvious. If you could have your way, you’d have the best of all worlds. Progressive Web Apps (PWA) make that possible. Check out this video that tells you how you can make your first web app.These apps combine the capabilities of a native app and accessibility of a website. Developers often wonder - will web apps replace native apps in the future? What follows is an in-depth comparison of native and web apps, focused on the difference between a native and hybrid app, unique benefits of each, and what developers need to know? Here’s a video that touches upon this interesting subject.
What are Progressive Web Apps (PWA)?A PWA is a web app that leverages modern web technologies to deliver a standard app-like experience to users. The best examples of PWA are Twitter, Uber, Tinder, and many more.
Why Progressive Apps?According to a study, an app can lose up to 20% of its users for every step between the first contact, until they start using the app. The journey of the user starts from finding the app in the app store, downloading it, and then finally using it – this is a time taking process. But when a user finds a PWA, they immediately start using the service, bypassing the stages of searching, downloading, and installing. Only when the user returns to the app, will they be prompted to install and experience the full-fledged app navigation.
- Features of a PWA
- It can work on any device, leveraging the features available on the user’s device and browser.
- It is a website; hence, it is discoverable by the search engines easily.
- The responsive UI of PWA can complement a device’s form and screen size.
- PWAs can be installed on a device’s home screen, making it readily accessible.
- Mobile app users tend to reuse their apps, and PWAs achieve the same goals through features such as push notifications.
- PWAs are hosted over HTTPS to prevent cyberattacks making it safe for users.
What are Native Apps?Native apps are built for specific platforms and are written in distinct languages, such as Swift for native iOS apps and Java or Kotlin for native Android apps. Native apps are also developed using specific Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for the chosen operating system. Native apps have their development tools, interface elements, and software development kit. Interestingly, native apps need to be developed twice – once for iOS, and separately for Android, so that they can work optimally with both major operating systems. Native apps can run in a self-contained mode on your mobile device and can function on a specific operating system. Any app you download on your smartphone from an app store falls into the Native app category.
Comparison between native app vs web app:
- Ease and Time Duration of App Development
- Different Languages for Different Purposes
- Safety and Security
The time duration and ease of development between progressive web apps vs native are quite glaring. PWAs are built faster since developing only one version is required that will seamlessly display on all types of mobile devices.
Also, since PWAs are built to work on all browsers that can be common for all mobile devices, the development is a lot faster than native apps.
On the other hand, building a native app takes more time because several versions for different platforms such as Android and iOS devices are developed separately and by different teams.
PWAs are written to run inside web and mobile browsers, while native apps are written to run on mobile devices only.
Java is used to build Android apps and Objective-C and Swift are used to develop iOS apps. Check out this video to get an introduction on programming languages.
Every digital project must reflect security, especially if the app is handling the personal data of users.
Native app development involves adding an extra layer of security to ensure user data is secure at all times. It also provides an opportunity to include additional features.
Native apps can access smartphone information, which makes it possible to build exemplary security technology features such as two-step authentication through the user’s phone number. Also, native apps can include embedded TLS certificates making security prominent for users.
Progressive web apps although do not have any unique security certification but can be served over HTTPS, making security options strong and reliable.
So, the question remains - will progressive web apps replace native apps? The answer at this point of time is – maybe. Let’s dig a little deeper, here.
Will PWA replace native apps?Let’s delve into the pros and cons of PWAs to be able to answer the question with any credibility.
- Pros of PWAs
- PWAs can be developed in a shoestring budget as only one code base is used.
- A single PWA can be built for all platforms as they can run on every web browser.
- PWAs are easy to maintain by developers due to a single common code they are built upon.
- Easier for users to discover as PWA pages can be displayed in search results and are listed in common search engines like Google and Bing.
- The development process is fast and optimized for low cost as it uses programming languages and tools that are well understood and have a bigger developer base.
- PWAs have a much better UX and are more engaging than Native apps.
- Easy to operate as there is no need for any administrative permissions. These apps can run from within the mobile device’s browser.
- Cons of PWAs
- Marginal security system.
- Offline usage of the app happens only if the data has been accessed earlier and is available in the cache.
- Pros of Native Apps
- Native apps are developed using the native language of the mobile device making the performance of this app superior. It offers high speed with a plethora of sophisticated features.
- Native apps do not consume a lot of battery and that is one of the reasons why Native apps are better than Web apps.
- Some native apps can have the unique ability to operate without an Internet connection.
- Native apps can easily be launched in the app store. And when it comes to React Native vs PWA, native apps follow the Operating System guidelines strictly.
- Native apps have good integration with the hardware within the device such as a camera, touch screen, and so on.
- Cons of Native Apps
- The cost of developing a native app is very high.
- The installation process is quite tedious and time taking.
- Native apps cannot fully use the power of SEO; thus, extra costs need to be borne for additional promotion in the app store.
- Native apps take up too much RAM which is a big disadvantage for this option.
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