Color theory defines the colors on a color wheel as the base colors and then uses various iterations of the base color either alone or in combination. The usage of a color wheel is given below.
The concept of color theory came to light a few centuries after Newton’s definition and creation of the first Color Wheel. The color wheel gradually gave rise to the concept of color theory. Today, the color wheel and general concepts of color theory are used by both artists and designers for their respective professions.
A color cycle has about 15 colors. They can roughly be categorized into three categories:
Color temperature divides colors on a color wheel into roughly two types: warm and cool. Color temperature is the feeling of warmth or coolness of a color. It is not based on literal temperature but rather how a color affects the viewer psychologically. For example, the association of Ferraris being hot looking cars is more due to the liberal use of red rather than the design. A blue Ferrari does not have the same feel.
The difference between warm and cool colors is explained through the psychology of association which makes the viewer develop different feelings. For example, yellow is termed as a warm color due to its association with the sun and green is termed as cool due to its association with trees. According to color temperature, warm colors evoke warmth and raise energy and cool colors bring about a feeling of serenity and isolation.
Colors from red to yellow are considered warm and colors from blue to green/purple are considered cool.
Professional designers use the RGB color wheel palette to design the aesthetics of online websites. The color scheme of a website, often called the color harmony, is made by combining various colors of the wheel in different color combinations. Usually, there are 5 kinds of color combinations that are used by designers for the color scheme of a website. They are given below:
Base colors of the color wheel are never used directly for a color wheel. They tend to be crude and lack versatility as background or foreground colors. They are changed with the help of the following mixes. These give a base color the needed versatility and aesthetic appeal that can go a long way in deciding the psychological perception of a website.
Iterations also ensure that a wide color scheme is available for designers to create unique color schemes.
Shades, tint and tones of a colors are created by adding black, white and grey to a base color respectively.
Hue is a word that is commonly thrown around with reference to color. Hues are defined as the constituent colors that can be found on a color wheel.
Saturation is the purity of a color while luminance is the brightness a color exhibits.
To use color theory properly, a rule of thumb is to adjust the saturation and luminance of a base hue and then mix with either shades, tints or tones. This ensures that the composite nature of your chosen colors is properly maintained.