Everything About Web Standards

Neha Singh
By Neha Singh | Last Updated on May 10th, 2024 10:41 am

Have you ever wondered how the web works so seamlessly, allowing us to move from one website to another without chaos? The answer lies in something called "web standards." Web standards are like the traffic rules of the internet. Just as traffic rules ensure safe and orderly movement on roads, web standards ensure that the web remains a well-organized and accessible place for all. In this blog, we'll explore web standards, where they came from, why they're important, and how they impact web development and your online experience.

The Creation of Web Standards

The World Wide Web, or simply the Web, was invented by Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. It revolutionized the way information was shared and accessed, allowing users to view and interact with information on web pages through their web browsers. As the web grew in popularity, more and more people began creating websites. However, there was no consistency in the way these websites were built. Different web developers used different coding languages and techniques, which often made it difficult for web browsers to display web pages correctly. This lack of standardization led to a fragmented web, with websites that looked and functioned differently across various browsers and devices.

The need for web standards became apparent, and in 1994, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was founded by none other than Sir Tim Berners-Lee himself. The W3C is an international community that brings together organizations and individuals to develop web standards. Their mission is to lead the web to its full potential by creating technical specifications and guidelines that ensure the long-term growth and interoperability of the web.

What Are Web Standards?


Web standards are a set of technical rules and guidelines that define how web technologies, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, should be used to build and display web content. These standards are created and maintained by the W3C and other web standards organizations. In simple terms, web standards provide a common language and structure for web developers to follow when creating websites. They ensure that websites are built in a way that is accessible, user-friendly, and consistent across different browsers and devices.

Why Were Web Standards Created?

Web standards are the foundation of the online world, and HTML, HTTP, and URL play crucial roles in this framework. These standards were established to create a structured and accessible web. The main purpose of web standards is to address the issues that arose during the early days of the web, where a lack of consistency and compatibility created a chaotic online environment. Here are five key reasons behind their creation.

  1. Interoperability
  2. HTML, HTTP, and URL, standards work together to ensure interoperability. HTML structures the content, HTTP transfers it, and URLs provide the address for retrieval, ensuring a seamless experience across different browsers and devices.

  3. Accessibility and Usability
  4. By establishing these standards, the web became more accessible and user-friendly. They provided a consistent framework for developers, making it easier to create and navigate online content, thus improving the overall user experience.

  5. Separation of Content, Presentation, and Behavior
  6. Web standards encourage the separation of content, presentation, and behavior. This means that the structure of a web page (content) is separate from its visual design (presentation) and interactive elements (behavior). This separation allows for greater flexibility and maintainability, making it easier to update and change certain aspects of a website without affecting others.

  7. Efficiency and Cost-Effectiveness
  8. By following web standards, developers can write cleaner, more efficient code that is easier to maintain and update. This can lead to reduced development costs and faster time-to-market for websites and web applications.

6 Most Common Web Standards

6 common web standards

Numerous web standards cover different aspects of web development, but here are six of the most common and important ones.

  1. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
  2. HTML is the standard markup web language for creating web pages and web applications. It defines the structure and content of a web page, including headings, paragraphs, images, links, and other elements.

  3. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
  4. CSS is the styling language used to format and layout HTML content. It allows developers to separate the presentation of a web page from its structure, making it easier to create consistent and responsive designs.

  5. JavaScript
  6. JavaScript is the most widely used scripting language for creating dynamic and interactive web pages. It allows developers to add functionality and behavior to HTML elements, such as form validation, animated menus, and interactive maps.

  7. DOM (Document Object Model)
  8. The DOM is a programming interface for HTML and XML documents. It defines how these documents are accessed and manipulated by programming languages like JavaScript, providing a standard way to interact with web page content.

  9. HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
  10. HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web. It defines how data is formatted and transmitted between web browsers and servers, allowing web pages to be requested, retrieved, and displayed.

  11. 0WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines)
  12. WCAG is a set of guidelines that ensure web content is accessible to people with a wide range of disabilities. It provides success criteria for making web content more perceivable, operable, understandable, and robust for all users.

Benefits of Web Standards


Web standards are essential for maintaining a stable and accessible World Wide Web. Here are some key reasons why web standards are necessary.

  1. Consistency and Compatibility
  2. Web standards ensure that websites are built using consistent coding practices, which leads to better compatibility across different browsers and devices. This means that whether you're using a desktop computer, a tablet, or a mobile phone, and regardless of your preferred browser, you should be able to access and interact with websites seamlessly.

  3. Accessibility for All
  4. Web standards play a critical role in ensuring web accessibility. By following standards and guidelines, developers can create websites that are accessible to people with disabilities, including those who are visually impaired, hearing impaired, or have motor skill impairments. This not only benefits individuals but also ensures that organizations comply with legal requirements and reach a wider audience.

  5. Efficient Development and Maintenance
  6. Web standards promote the use of clean and efficient code, which is easier to maintain and update. When web developers follow standard practices, they can spend less time troubleshooting and fixing compatibility issues, and more time creating innovative web experiences. Standardized code also makes it easier for multiple developers to collaborate on projects, as they can quickly understand and work with each other's code.

  7. Search Engine Optimization
  8. Web standards can also impact the visibility and ranking of websites in search engine results. Search engines, like Google, often favor websites that follow web standards and provide a good user experience. By using proper HTML structure and semantic markup, developers can make it easier for search engines to crawl and understand their web content, leading to better search engine optimization (SEO).

  9. Future-Proofing the Web
  10. Web standards are designed to be long-lasting and backward-compatible. This means that even as new technologies and innovations emerge, websites built using web standards are more likely to remain accessible and functional. By following web standards, developers can future-proof their websites, ensuring they remain relevant and usable over time.

Best Practices for Standardized Web Design

When creating a website, it's important to follow web standards and best practices to ensure a high-quality and accessible end product. Here are some key considerations for standardized web design.

  1. Use Valid HTML and CSS
  2. Validate your HTML and CSS code using online validation tools to ensure it adheres to web standards. This will help catch any errors or incompatibilities that may cause issues with how your website is displayed or accessed.

  3. Separate Structure, Presentation, and Behavior
  4. Keep your HTML focused on the structure and content of your web pages, using CSS for presentation and layout, and JavaScript for behavior and interactivity. This separation will make your code more maintainable and flexible.

  5. Follow Accessibility Guidelines
  6. Ensure your website is accessible to all users by following accessibility standards and guidelines, such as WCAG. Use proper headings, provide alternative text for images, ensure color contrast ratios are adequate, and make sure your website can be navigated using only a keyboard.

  7. Test Across Browsers and Devices
  8. Not everyone uses the same browser or device, so it's important to test your website across different browsers (e.g., Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge) and devices (e.g., desktops, tablets, mobiles). This will help you identify and fix any compatibility issues, ensuring a consistent user experience.

  9. Stay Updated with Web Standards
  10. Web standards evolve, so it's important to stay informed about new developments and updates. Follow reputable sources to keep up with changes and ensure your web development skills remain relevant.

Create a Website Without Coding Using Appy Pie

If the idea of learning and implementing web standards seems daunting, you can use Appy Pie's website builder that can help you create a professional website without writing a single line of code. It empowers individuals and businesses to build feature-rich websites that are automatically optimized for web standards and mobile responsiveness.

With Appy Pie, you can design your website visually, using a drag-and-drop functionality, and take advantage of built-in features for e-commerce, blogging, and more. It also offers industry-specific website templates, domain name and web hosting services.

Learn how to make a website with Appy Pie in a few steps:

Step 1: Choose Your Website's Name and Theme

Begin by deciding on a name for your website that reflects its purpose. Then, pick a suitable category that aligns with your content and select a visually attractive color scheme. This initial step lays the foundation for your website's identity and aesthetic appeal.

Step 2: Integrate Essential Features

Integrate essential features and pages into your website, enhancing user experience and fulfilling objectives without coding expertise. Also personalize your website's design to match your vision, connecting it to a chosen domain name for online presence.

Step 3: Test & Launch

This step involves the final step of launching your website. Begin by thoroughly testing its functionality and performance. Once you're confident in its readiness, proceed to officially launch your website, making it available for public access.

By following these steps, and with the guidance of Appy Pie Experts, you can create a professional and effective website that showcases your expertise and attracts clients to your business.


Web standards are the backbone of the World Wide Web, providing a set of rules and guidelines that ensure the Web remains a stable, accessible, and innovative space for all. By understanding and implementing web standards, web developers can create websites that are consistent, user-friendly, and future-proof.

As the web continues to evolve, web standards will remain essential to maintaining order and accessibility in the digital realm. Organizations like the W3C will continue to lead the way, ensuring that the web remains a place where everyone can participate and benefit, regardless of their device, browser, or ability.

Related Articles