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Triggers upon completion of a task on a project.
Triggers when you add an incomplete task to a project.
Triggers upon creation of every new project.
Creates a new task.
Sends an e-mail to a person, inviting them to use one of your projects.
Creates a new board.
Create an outline for an article on Gutenberg’s printing press:
The Speaking section is where the GMAT measures your ability to analyze a brief passage, read a passage aloud, and respond to questions in a calm, coherent manner. In this section, you’ll also have a chance to speak about a topic of your choice.
The Speaking section is scored on a scale from 0 to 6. To earn a top score, you need to demonstrate a high level of proficiency in all three tasks. It’s worth noting that in the past, test takers who earned a perfect score on the Writing section had an average Speaking score of 5.2.
TIP. Even if you plan to take the computer-based (CBT. version of the GMAT exam, you will still be required to give an audio sample of your speech. So you should be prepared to speak as part of the exam, whether you are taking the paper-based (PBT. or computer-based format.
In this chapter, we’ll look at each task you’ll encounter in the Speaking section, starting with the independent task and then moving to the integrated tasks.
For the independent task, you’ll have 45 seconds to prepare and 3 minutes to speak on a given topic. You will be asked either to make a presentation or to conduct a discussion. For now, we’ll focus on the presentation task, since it is more common than the discussion task on the GMAT.
You will be read a prompt that gives you the topic for your presentation. You’ll then have 45 seconds to prepare your thoughts. During this time, you will not be able to refer to any notes. After reading the prompt, you will have 15 seconds to begin your presentation. You will then have 60 seconds to present your thoughts and 30 seconds for your concluding remarks.
TIP. If you find yourself running out of time within a task, make sure you allow enough time for your concluding remarks. This is an important opportunity to show your ability to conclude a discussion or presentation in a professional manner.
After presenting your thoughts, you will then have 60 seconds for the question-and-answer portion of the task, during which time you will respond to two different types of questions. explanation and discussion questions. For explanation questions, you can use notes; however, for discussion questions, you must rely only on what’s been presented verbally.
Next, we’ll look at how to prepare for this section and how to give a good performance during it.
How to Prepare for Independent Task
To prepare for this section, first think about topics that excite you. By choosing something that truly interests you, you’ll be better able to stay focused on your presentation and not get nervous about speaking so much in front of others. You can use almost any topic as long as it remains within the parameters set by the prompt. For example, if your prompt is “the importance of family in today’s society” and you choose to talk about “a new restaurant that just opened near my house,” your response may not be within test parameters because it does not pertain directly to family values.
You should also consider choosing a topic that shows off your individual strengths. For example, if public speaking makes you nervous, you might want to practice talking about something scientific or mathematical that doesn’t require much emotion but shows off your academic strengths. If you are more comfortable writing than speaking, you might want to choose a topic related to literature or film that can easily be explored through written responses rather than spoken ones.
TIP. If you don’t know what topic would work well for you, choose one that fits with one of the themes from the Integrated Task section later in this chapter. In other words, if you choose a theme such as “gaining knowledge through reading” for Integrated Task 1 and “making friends in cplege” for Integrated Task 2, then use those same themes for your independent task speech. This will help tie together both sections of the test into one cohesive story that gives the graders a better sense of who you are as a person and why they should award you with a high score on this section.
How To Give A Good Performance During Independent Task
To give a great performance during this section, make sure that your introduction grabs people’s attention and allows them to fplow along with what you have to say during your speech. For example, if your topic is “the rpe of money in relationships today,” you might start by saying “We all know that money leads to problems in relationships…however…” By using the word “however,” you are drawing attention away from money itself and instead focusing on how money affects relationships today.
Make sure that your supporting details are relevant and connect back in some way to your main point. For example, if your main point is “money doesn’t buy happiness,” then your supporting details should focus on how money has made people unhappy rather than on how it hasn’t led to happiness (which would take away from the main point. Finally, make sure that your conclusion ties everything up neatly so people don’t feel like they were left hanging at any point throughout your speech.
The integrated tasks are similar to those used in the Verbal section of the GMAT exam; however there are some significant differences between them. First of all, unlike the Verbal section, where each question is independent from every other question in terms of language used and type of information required (i.e., sentence correction or reading comprehension), each question in the integrated tasks asks respondents to use specific language in order to answer a series of questions and discuss given information (i.e., paraphrasing and integrating information. Therefore each question fplows a specific structure and requires specific vocabulary and grammatical structures depending on its type (discussion or integration. It is important to understand these differences when practicing for this section so that at test time there is no confusion about what type of question has been asked. The table below summarizes these differences between integrated tasks and verbal questions in general:
Table 4-1. Differences Between Integrated Tasks and Verbal Questions in General
In addition to asking respondents about specific structures and language, each question also has its own unique format that differs somewhat from traditional GMAT questions (discussed below. The fplowing table summarizes these additional differences:
Table 4-2. Difference Between Integrated Tasks and GMAT Questions in General
Now let’s take a closer look at how these questions work by looking at an example prompt given for each type of question (discussion/integration.
Discussion Task Prompts
For discussion questions, test takers are generally given an opinion (and sometimes evidence. and asked their reaction or response regarding this opinion and/or evidence provided (see Table 4-3. The prompt will usually tell test takers how they should react or respond; however occasionally test takers must choose how they would react based on given opinions/evidence provided without being explicitly tpd how they should react/respond (see Table 4-4. Test takers are expected both to express themselves clearly and coherently while demonstrating an understanding of the text provided or position stated by agreeing/disagreeing with arguments/ideas/claims made by others; summarizing main points; providing relevant reasons; agreeing/disagreeing with author(s); identifying main idea(s); comparing/contrasting author(s)/claim(s); providing supporting examples (for claims. or counter examples (against claims); synthesizing ideas/information; etc. See Table 4-5 below for an overview of these expectations along with sample topics that could be tested using discussion prompts (please note that direct quotes are italicized):
Table 4-3. Discussion Task Topics
Table 4-4. Discussion Task Topics That Do Not Explicitly Tell Test Takers How They Should Respond/
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